# Research Skills

• Develop model-thinking and quantitative-estimation skills for thermal energy services.
• Propose mathematical models appropriate to these questions
• Describe how data would be used in these models
• Describe how the result would be interpreted to make a better decision
• Apply these ideas to carbon-reduction opportunities at SSU

# Working Skills

• Develop time management habits that promote learning of difficult material
• Develop habits that support the consistent production of quality work

# Introduction and Context

• Describe the importance of thermal energy in the context of climate and energy

# Thermal Concepts

• Distinguish between heat, temperature, and energy
• Convert relative and absolute temperatures between Celsius, Fahrenheit, Rankine, and Kelvin
• Describe physical mechanisms of conduction, convection, and radiation.

# Convection

• Use sensible heat to estimate energy to heat an object
• Use sensible heat to estimate energy transfer from one body to another
• Describe processes that use convection in nature and the built environment
• Describe and estimate sensible heat capacity
• Describe and estimate latent heat capacity

• Calculate the power emitted by a heated object
• Describe radiation and emission mechanisms in nature and the built environment

# Conduction

• Describe factors influencing the rate of thermal conduction
• Use mathematical models to predict power and energy conducted based on dimensions and properties
• Describe processes that use conduction in nature and the built environment
• Convert thermal conduction quantities between english and metric unit systems.
• Describe and use Newtons law of cooling
• Able to calculate R and U values for a given insulating structure

# Circuits

• Use circuit models to describe heat
• Draw analogies between thermal and electrical circuits
• Use circuit models to describe conductive heat flow in physical systems
• Calculate energy and heat delivered by electrical systems given voltage and current

# Thermodynamics

• Describe the implications of the zeroth, first, and second laws of thermodynamics.
• Use Carnot's equation to estimate performance of heat engines and refrigerators.
• Able to describe the dimensions and units of thermal quantities.

# Computation

• Relate slopes and areas from digital measurement to thermal quantities, energy, and power
• Able to create and communicate reproducible models and calculations of energy quantities.

Midterm 2 covers above only.

# Combustion and Carbon Emissions

• Estimate the energy and carbon required for a given energy service.
• Estimate the energy and carbon released by burning a given volume of a fossil fuel.